There is, in addition to the reasons acknowledged by the Geneva Refugee Convention, a vast number of dangerous situations from which children and youths, in particular, are affected: Among these “child-specific causes of flight” are, according to the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees, the recruitment of child soldiers, genital mutilation of girls, forced prostitution and marriage, domestic violence, and the search for family members.
Statistically, a large portion of children come from Afghanistan, Eritrea, and Somalia. Responses vary to the question of why they came to Germany on their own. A number of them are separated from their family on the journey, while others travel without their parents from the start. The moment they reach Germany, they are considered as people in especial need of protection and are provided with special support.